1 March 2017, St Andrews, Scotland and Far Hills, N.J., USA:
The R&A and the USGA have unveiled a preview of the proposed new Rules of Golf, as part of a joint initiative to modernise the Rules and make them easier to understand and apply.
The online release of this preview begins a six-month feedback and evaluation period during which
all golfers worldwide can learn about the proposed changes and provide input before they are
finalised in 2018 and take effect on 1 January 2019.
The announcement follows a comprehensive review process that began in 2012 with a working group of
key R&A and USGA Rules administrators, professional tour officials and other Rules experts. While
the Rules are revised every four years, this is the first fundamental review since 1984, and was
established to ensure the Rules fit the needs of today’s game and the way it is played around the
David Rickman, Executive Director – Governance at The R&A, said, “Our aim is to make the Rules
easier to understand and to apply for all golfers. We have looked at every Rule to try to find ways
to make them more intuitive and straightforward and we believe we have identified many significant
improvements. It is important that the Rules continue to evolve and remain in tune with the way the
modern game is played but we have been careful not to change the game’s longstanding principles.”
“We are excited and encouraged by the potential this work brings, both through the proposed new
Rules and the opportunities to use technology to deliver them,” said Thomas Pagel, Senior Director
of Rules & Amateur Status for the USGA. “We look forward to an ongoing conversation with golfers
during the feedback period in the months ahead.”
The proposed 24 new Rules, reduced from the current 34, have been written in a user-friendly style
with shorter sentences, commonly used phrases, bulleted lists and explanatory headings. The
initiative also focuses on assessing the overall consistency, simplicity and fairness of the Rules
The Rules are currently delivered in more than 30 languages, and the proposed wording will support
easier translation worldwide. When adopted, the Rules will be supported by technology that allows
the use of images, videos and graphics.
Highlights of the proposed Rule changes include:
• Elimination or reduction of “ball moved” penalties: There will be no penalty for accidentally
moving a ball on the putting green or in searching for a ball; and a player is not responsible for
causing a ball to move unless it is “virtually certain” that he or she did so.
• Relaxed putting green rules: There will be no penalty if a ball played from the putting green
hits an unattended flagstick in the hole; players may putt without having the flagstick attended or
removed. Players may repair spike marks and other damage made by shoes, animal
damage and other damage on the putting green and there is no penalty for merely touching the line
• Relaxed rules for “penalty areas” (currently called “water hazards”): Red and yellow-marked
penalty areas may cover areas of desert, jungle, lava rock, etc., in addition to areas of water;
expanded use of red penalty areas where lateral relief is allowed; and there will be no penalty for
moving loose impediments or touching the ground or water in a penalty area.
• Relaxed bunker rules: There will be no penalty for moving loose impediments in a bunker or for
generally touching the sand with a hand or club. A limited set of restrictions (such as not
grounding the club right next to the ball) is kept to preserve the challenge of playing from the
sand; however, an extra relief option is added for an unplayable ball in a bunker, allowing the
ball to be played from outside the bunker with a two-stroke penalty.
• Relying on player integrity: A player’s “reasonable judgment” when estimating or measuring a
spot, point, line, area or distance will be upheld, even if video evidence later shows it to be
wrong; and elimination of announcement procedures when lifting a ball to identify it or to see if
it is damaged.
• Pace-of-play support: Reduced time for searching for a lost ball (from five minutes to three);
affirmative encouragement of “ready golf” in stroke play; recommending that players take no more
than 40 seconds to play a stroke and other changes intended to help with pace of play.
• Simplified way of taking relief: A new procedure for taking relief by dropping a ball in and
playing it from a specific relief area; relaxed procedures for dropping a ball, allowing the ball
to be dropped from just above the ground or any growing thing or other object on the ground.
A series of materials have also been prepared to explain the proposed Rule changes and provide
background on the initiative. Found on randa.org and usga.org/rules, they include:
• Overview of the Rules Modernisation Initiative: goals, proposed changes and process for
implementation in 2019
• Draft New Rules of Golf for 2019: the full text of proposed Rules 1-24 and Definitions
• Draft Player’s Edition of the New Rules of Golf for 2019: Written from the perspective of “you”
the golfer, this shorter version covers the most commonly used Rules and is meant to be the rule
book golfers will use when finalised and adopted in 2019
• Explanation for Each Major Proposed Change in the New Rules of Golf for 2019: Short summaries of
each major proposed change
• Summary chart of major changes
• Videos and Infographics: Visual explanations of the proposed Rules.
Golfers are encouraged to review the proposed changes and submit feedback online via worldwide
survey technology that can be accessed at randa.org or usga.org/rules from now until 31 August
The feedback will be reviewed by The R&A and the USGA in establishing the approved final version of
golf’s new Rules. These are due to be released in mid-2018 ahead of a 1 January 2019
implementation. Social media users can also follow the discussion using #GolfRules2019.
Players are reminded that the current 2016 Edition of the Rules of Golf remain in force when
playing, posting scores or competing, until the new Rules are officially adopted by The R&A and the
2019. The Rules of Amateur Status and the Rules of Equipment Standards were not part of this
Notes to Editors:
About The R&A
Based in St Andrews, The R&A runs The Open, elite amateur events, international matches and
rankings. Together The R&A and the USGA govern the sport of golf worldwide, operating in separate
jurisdictions but sharing a commitment to a single code for the Rules of Golf, Rules of Amateur
Status and Equipment Standards. The R&A, through R&A Rules Ltd, governs the sport worldwide,
outside of the United States and Mexico, on behalf of over 36 million golfers in 140 countries and
with the consent of 152 organisations from amateur and professional golf.
The R&A is committed to working for golf and supports the growth of the sport internationally and
the development and management of sustainable golf facilities. For more information,
About the USGA
The USGA conducts the U.S. Open, U.S. Women’s Open and U.S. Senior Open, as well as 10 national
amateur championships, two state team championships and international matches, attracting players
and fans from more than 160 countries. Together with The R&A, the USGA governs the game worldwide,
jointly administering the Rules of Golf, Rules of Amateur Status, equipment standards and World
Amateur Golf Rankings. The USGA’s reach is global with a working jurisdiction in the United States,
its territories and Mexico, serving more than 25 million golfers and actively engaging 150 golf
The USGA is one of the world’s foremost authorities on research, development and support of
sustainable golf course management practices. It serves as a primary steward for the game’s history
and invests in the development of the game through the delivery of its services and its ongoing
“For the Good of the Game” grants program. Additionally, the USGA’s Course Rating and Handicap
systems are used on six continents in more than 50 countries. For more information, visit